Part 3 - What Is Micro Nutrient Kick?

Part 3 of What is MNK

Trace Minerals

Imbalances are very common in trace minerals as we only hold and turnover such small amounts. All of the trace minerals in our body would struggle to fill a teaspoon.

Some trace minerals are massively abundant in our dietary foods and water and are potentially dangerous when in excess.

For example;

• Iron overload is as common as iron deficiency in certain parts of the world;

• Iodine, when taken in excess or in certain disease states, can be toxic;

• Fluoride is added to water and toothpaste and also found in nature and fluoridosis is becoming more common;

• Copper and water from copper pipes can be toxic in excess and can contaminate foods and drinks

• Trace minerals chromium, zinc, and selenium, are common deficiencies and rarely found in excess except in cases of high dose supplementation or double-ups in supplement stacks

There is a very fine line between getting enough and getting too much of the trace minerals.

There is a very fine line between getting enough and getting too much of the trace minerals. Generally, food is the best and safest source of trace minerals. However, the reason why trace mineral deficiencies are so common is because of the inadequate levels in food due to farming practices and processing techniques, etc. Furthermore, food is not routinely tested for the presence and levels of these trace minerals and is not a predictable and reliable source. The foods found in MNK are tested for the presence of the trace minerals, and input amount is dosed accordingly. Trace minerals Zinc and Selenium, are the most common deficiencies and are rarely seen in excess, except in cases of high dose supplementation. Supplementation is often necessary, safe and effective for these trace minerals

Other trace minerals such as Iron, Copper and Manganese are just as likely to be found in excess as deficiency. Due to this potential for overload and a narrow therapeutic window, only should only supplement when they are tested and shown to be insufficient.


Zinc is a cofactor in over 300 metalloenzymes. When we are building things or breaking things apart, we are usually using up our zinc stores. There is a greater incidence of leaky gut wall, gut permeability disorders, failure to heal, thrive and grow are all signs of zinc deficiency.

Zinc is a cofactor in over 300 metalloenzymes. When we are building things or breaking things apart, we are usually using up our zinc stores. There is a greater incidence of leaky gut wall, gut permeability disorders, failure to heal, thrive and grow are all signs of zinc deficiency.

Zinc has immune modulating, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory actions.

Zinc is so crucial to life that a zinc deficiency activates our stress response and elevates the production of stress chemicals and hormones as part of a survival response to allow you to go hut and gather and replenish zinc stored urgently.

Zinc deficiency, through this stress hormone release actually causes a depletion of precursor immune cells in the bone marrow and thymus, suppressing lymphocyte production. This may explain why zinc deficiency creates the same type of immune suppression as seen in those suffering from stress and overtraining syndromes.

Iron and copper inhibit zinc absorption; yes, Small traces are in MNK but certain ingredients have been put into MNK to help counteract this effect (explained in another blog).

Zinc is stored in the spleen, muscle, liver, and bone marrow, prostate, skin, spermatozoa, and retina, red and white blood cells also have high concentrations of zinc. Zinc is essential for cellular growth and replication, which is why rapidly replicating cells such as embryonic and fetal tissue, cells of the central nervous system, the gut wall, and the immune system are particularly vulnerable to zinc deficiency.

People who have a high demand for zinc to fuel growth, immune defence, and regeneration, and repair such as infants, young children, athletes, bodybuilders and individuals with acute or chronic infections are most at risk for zinc deficiency. The immune system requires a daily zinc top up. Studies in mice with as little as one month of low zinc intake can have a 30-80 percent loss of immune function

Signs and symptoms of Zinc deficiency

• diarrhea, • dermatitis, eczematoid skin lesions, and rough skin,

• alopecia and weak hair,

• poor wound healing,

• growth retardation and failure to thrive,

• male hypogonadism,

• poor appetite,

• low immunity, concurrent bacterial and yeast infections,

• mental lethargy,

• hypogeusia (impaired sense of taste).

Zinc interacts with other nutrients

• Zinc reduces copper absorption.

• Zinc reduces absorption of iron supplementation, and vice-versa.

• Most multivitamins and minerals including those designed for pregnancy and lactation will combine zinc and iron in the same formula. They should be taken away from each other.

Side Effects and Toxicity

Zinc at doses of 30 mg and above often causes stomach upset, nausea, and possible vomiting, an effect that is reduced when zinc is taken with food; as food contains other compounds that can bind the zinc and block its absorption at the same time reducing the mucosal irritation.


The optimal dose for zinc is 5 to 15mg daily. Other dosages are condition-specific and should be used short term to correct deficiency or as a strategy under medical supervision.


Selenium is most well-known for its antioxidant properties and involvment in enzyme production.

The selenium-dependent enzyme glutathione peroxidase (GPX) recycles glutathione, reducing lipid peroxidation by catalyzing the reduction of peroxides, including hydrogen peroxide.

The selenozyme Iodothyronine deiodinase (ID) converts T4 to T3. Low selenium status may result in low plasma T3 levels and high reverse T3 levels.

Signs and symptoms of selenium deficiency

• myositis elevated creatine kinase derived from muscles

• whitening of the fingernail beds, and psuedoalbinism,

• macrocytosis (big old red blood cells that don't supply much oxygen and energy),

• osteoarthropathy, known as Kashin-Beck disease.

• carcinogenesis in various sites of the body, including the liver, mammary gland, esophagus, stomach, colon, rectum, lung, urinary tract, prostate, female reproductive organs, thyroid, hematological system, oral cavity, pharynx, and skin. Several other conditions appear to be associated with selenium deficiency and low selenium levels in soil but require further research; endemic goiter, sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), multiple sclerosis (MS), and schizophrenia.

Selenium toxicity An early toxic effect of selenium is a disruption of hormone production reducing thyroid hormones, growth hormone, and insulin-like growth factor. Chronic selenium overdose impairs natural killer cells, and at extremely high levels hepatotoxicity, gastrointestinal disturbances and dermatological effects such as nail and hair loss and dermatitis.

25 µg to 75 µg per day intake for men and women with an upper level of 400 µg per day from combined sources.

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