Keto Diet

Amongst those who wish to be and stay healthy, there is a constant struggle to find a diet that fits perfectly with our needs and goals. It’s not uncommon for new fad diets to come and go every single year.

One dangerous trend that seems to apply to most of these “fashion diets” is the lack of studies proving their worth. However, the keto diet has actually been scientifically proven to have many benefits for health and weight loss. Keto has gained a huge amount of traction and publicity in the recent years.

With the current scientific data and research available, it has become apparent that the Ketogenic Diet not only offers a wide array of benefits, but it’s also a safe and reliable diet which can be followed for a long time.

Group 1: Studies that focus specifically on Keto Diet

  1. A Critique of Low-Carbohydrate Ketogenic Weight Reduction Regimens (Council on Foods and Nutrition of the American Medical Association, 1973) – Source

  2. Very-low-carbohydrate ketogenic diet v. low-fat diet for long-term weight loss: a meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. (Bueno et al., 2013) – Source

  3. Ketogenic Diet for Obesity: Friend or Foe? (Paoli, 2014) – Source

  4. Ketosis, ketogenic diet and food intake control: a complex relationship (Paoli et al., 2015) – Source

  5. Fat-Free Mass Changes During Ketogenic Diets and the Potential Role of Resistance Training (Tinsley and Willoughby, 2016) – Source

  6. International society of sports nutrition position stand: diets and body composition (Aragon et al., 2017) – Source

  7. Composition of weight lost during short-term weight reduction. Metabolic responses of obese subjects to starvation and low-calorie ketogenic and nonketogenic diets (Yang and Itallie, 1976) – Source

  8. Protein sparing during treatment of obesity: ketogenic versus nonketogenic very low calorie diet (Vazquez and Adibi, 1992) – Source

  9. The effects of a high-protein, low-fat, ketogenic diet on adolescents with morbid obesity: body composition, blood chemistries, and sleep abnormalities (Willi et al., 1998) – Source

  10. Comparison of energy-restricted very low-carbohydrate and low-fat diets on weight loss and body composition in overweight men and women (Volek et al., 2004) – Source

  11. Effects of a high-protein ketogenic diet on hunger, appetite, and weight loss in obese men feeding ad libitum (Johnstone et al., 2008) – Source

  12. Resistance training in overweight women on a ketogenic diet conserved lean body mass while reducing body fat (Jabekk et al., 2010) – Source

  13. Ketogenic diet does not affect strength performance in elite artistic gymnasts (Paoli et al., 2012) – Source

  14. The effect of weight loss by ketogenic diet on the body composition, performance-related physical fitness factors and cytokines of Taekwondo athletes (Rhyu and Cho, 2014) – Source

  15. The effects of ketogenic dieting on skeletal muscle and fat mass (Rauch et al., 2014) – Source

  16. Short-term safety, tolerability and efficacy of a very low-calorie-ketogenic diet interventional weight loss program versus hypocaloric diet in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (Goday et al., 2016) – Source

  17. Very-low-calorie ketogenic diet with aminoacid supplement versus very low restricted-calorie diet for preserving muscle mass during weight loss: a pilot double-blind study (Merra et al., 2016) – Source

  18. A Low-Carbohydrate Ketogenic Diet Combined with 6-Weeks of Crossfit Training Improves Body Composition and Performance (Gregory et al., 2017) – Sources

  19. The Effects of Ketogenic Dieting on Body Composition, Strength, Power, and Hormonal Profiles in Resistance Training Males (Wilson et al., 2017) – Sources

  20. Efficacy and safety of very-low-calorie ketogenic diet: a double blind randomized crossover study (Colica et al., 2017) – Source

  21. Capacity for Moderate Exercise in Obese Subjects after Adaptation to a Hypocaloric, Ketogenic Diet (Phinney et al., 1980) – Source

  22. Ketogenic diets and physical performance (Phinney, 2004) – Source

  23. Acute nutritional ketosis: implications for exercise performance and metabolism (Cox and Clarke, 2014) – Source

  24. Nutritional Ketosis Alters Fuel Preference and Thereby Endurance Performance in Athletes (Cox et al., 2016) – Source

  25. The Effects of a Ketogenic Diet on Exercise Metabolism and Physical Performance in Off-Road Cyclists (Zajac et al., 2014) – Source

  26. Metabolic characteristics of keto-adapted ultra-endurance runners (Volek et al., 2016) – Source

  27. Ketogenic diet benefits body composition and well-being but not performance in a pilot case study of New Zealand endurance athletes (Zinn et al., 2017) – Source

  28. Clinical Aspects of the Ketogenic Diet (Hartman and Vining, 2007) – Source

  29. A low-carbohydrate, ketogenic diet to treat type 2 diabetes (Yancy et al., 2005) – Source

  30. Beneficial effects of ketogenic diet in obese diabetic subjects (Dashti et al., 2007) – Source

  31. The effect of a low-carbohydrate, ketogenic diet versus a low-glycemic index diet on glycemic control in type 2 diabetes mellitus (Westman et al., 2008) – Source

  32. Effect of low-calorie versus low-carbohydrate ketogenic diet in type 2 diabetes (Hussain et al., 2012) – Source

  33. An Online Intervention Comparing a Very Low-Carbohydrate Ketogenic Diet and Lifestyle Recommendations Versus a Plate Method Diet in Overweight Individuals With Type 2 Diabetes: A Randomized Controlled Trial (Saslow et al., 2017) – Source

  34. Effects of Ketogenic Diets on Cardiovascular Risk Factors: Evidence from Animal and Human Studies (Kosinski and Jornayvaz, 2017) – Source

  35. The AMP-Activated Protein Kinase Is Involved in the Regulation of Ketone Body Production by Astrocytes (Blázquez et al., 1999) – Source

  36. The calorically restricted ketogenic diet, an effective alternative therapy for malignant brain cancer (Zhou et al., 2007) – Source

  37. Role of ketogenic metabolic therapy in malignant glioma: A systematic review (Winter et al., 2017) – Source

  38. A Nutritional Perspective of Ketogenic Diet in Cancer: A Narrative Review (Oliveira et al., 2017) – Source

  39. Beneficial effects of ketogenic diets for cancer patients: a realist review with focus on evidence and confirmation (Klement, 2017) – Source

  40. Systematic review: isocaloric ketogenic dietary regimes for cancer patients (Erickson et al., 2017) – Source

  41. Assessing the Role of the Ketogenic Diet as a Metabolic Therapy in Cancer: Is it Evidence Based? (Macias and Sharpe, 2017) – Source

  42. Pleiotropic effects of nutritional ketosis: Conceptual framework for keto-adaptation as a breast cancer therapy (Hyde et al., 2017) – Source

  43. A Multicenter Study of the Efficacy of the Ketogenic Diet (Vining et al., 1998) – Source

  44. Ketogenic diet for the treatment of refractory epilepsy in children: A systematic review of efficacy (Lefevre and Aronson, 2000) – Source

  45. Fasting versus Gradual Initiation of the Ketogenic Diet: A Prospective, Randomized Clinical Trial of Efficacy (Bergqvist et al., 2005) – Source

  46. Efficacy of the Ketogenic Diet as a Treatment Option for Epilepsy: Meta-analysis (Henderson et al., 2006) – Source

  47. The ketogenic diet: From molecular mechanisms to clinical effects (Freeman et al., 2006) – Source

  48. The Neuropharmacology of the Ketogenic Diet (Hartman et al., 2007) – Source

  49. The ketogenic diet for the treatment of childhood epilepsy: a randomised controlled trial (Neal et al., 2008) – Source

  50. Ketogenic diet for treatment of epilepsy (Rogovik and Goldman, 2010) – Source

  51. The ketogenic diet: metabolic influences on brain excitability and epilepsy (Lutas and Yellen, 2013) – Source

  52. Is Ketogenic Diet Truly Effective in Mitochondrial Epilepsy? (Finsterer and Kothari et al., 2014) – Source

  53. Dietary and Medication Adjustments to Improve Seizure Control in Patients Treated With the Ketogenic Diet (Selter et al., 2014) – Source

  54. Ketogenic diet in adolescents and adults with epilepsy (Nei et al., 2014) – Source

  55. Ketogenic diet and other dietary treatments for epilepsy (Martin et al., 2016) – Source

  56. A randomized controlled trial of the ketogenic diet in refractory childhood epilepsy (Lambrechts et al., 2016) – Source

  57. Impact of a Modified Ketogenic Diet on Seizure Activity, Biochemical Markers, Anthropometrics and Gastrointestinal Symptoms in Adults with Epilepsy (Schuchmann et al., 2017) – Source

  58. How does the ketogenic diet induce anti-seizure effects? (Rho, 2017) – Source

  59. Efficacy of ketogenic diet in resistant myoclono-astatic epilepsy: A french multicenter retrospective study (de Saint-Martin et al., 2017) – Source

  60. The role for ketogenic diets in epilepsy and status epilepticus in adults (Williams et al., 2017) – Source

  61. Long-term effects of a ketogenic diet in obese patients (Dashti et al., 2004) – Source

  62. Neuroprotective and disease-modifying effects of the ketogenic diet (Gasior et al., 2006) – Source

  63. Timeline of changes in appetite during weight loss with a ketogenic diet (Nymo et al., 2017) – Source

  64. Ketogenic diet in migraine: rationale, findings and perspectives (Barbanti et al., 2017) – Source

  65. The neuroprotective properties of calorie restriction, the ketogenic diet, and ketone bodies (Maalouf et al., 2009) – Source

  66. A Ketogenic Diet Favorably Affects Serum Biomarkers for Cardiovascular Disease in Normal-Weight Men (Sharman et al., 2002) – Source

  67. A Ketogenic Diet Extends Longevity and Healthspan in Adult Mice (Roberts et al., 2017) – Source

  68. Ketogenic Diet Reduces Midlife Mortality and Improves Memory in Aging Mice (Newman et al., 2017) – Source